Urban Radiation – Energy and Water Balance Models

July 2017: See UMEP

Characteristic LUMPS  SUEWS FRAISE LUCY  GreaterQF
Name Local-scale Urban Meteorological Parameterization Scheme  Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme  Flux Ratio – Active Index Surface Exchange  Large scale Urban Consumption of energY Greater London QF
Complexity  Simpler  More complex Simplest Simple Simple
Software provided  Windows exe (written in Fortran) Fortran (Windows etc/Linux/ Mac)  R code Windows GUI  Windows GUI
Applicable period  hourly  5 min-hourly-annual  Midday (within 3 h of solar noon) hourly – annual 30 min – annual
Unique features radiation and energy balances  radiation/ energy and water balance (includes LUMPS)  calculates active surface – and fluxes anthropogenic heat flux only   anthropogenic heat flux for London
Manual Manual  Manual  Manual   Manual
Access Software download form Software download form Software download form  Software download form   Software download form
Latest Version:  LUMPS v6.0/in SUEWS V2014b  V2016a   2012   V2014a (25 June 2014)
Main References 2/3/5 1/ 2/ 9/10/11 17 12/13 14

References – see below

Sub-Models/ Fluxes

For Symbol Sub-model Description reference
net all-wave radiation Q*  NARP (Net All-wave Radiation Parameterization) 6- 7-8
storage heat flux ∆QS  OHM (Objective Hysteresis Model)  3 – 4
latent heat flux QE  LUMPS  5
latent heat flux QE  SUEWS 10 – 11
turbulent sensible heat flux QH  LUMPS 5
turbulent sensible heat flux QH  SUEWS 10
Water balance SUEWS 10
Snowmelt SUEWS 11
anthropogenic heat QF LUCY 12 – 13
anthopogenic heat QF SUEWS 10 – 6
anthropogenic heat QF  GreaterQF 14
anthropogenic heat QF  LUMPS 6
Sky View Factor SVF  from digital images 16
Sky View Factor SVF  from Digital elevation model (DEM) 15

Sky View Factor from digital images   Software download form

Output File generated: svf_res.txt
SVF    1-SVF   WHITE   BLACK    %WHITE   nring   ny    ichoice   FOV  Input File
Input File with list of files: file_in.svf
contents: list of filenames with images to be analysed  –  quote marks should be around each filename
Format of files analyzed:  pgm format
can be generated using IfranView   The image should only have two colors (black and white)


no  reference relevant to
1 Grimmond CSB  Oke TR. & Steyn DG (1986). Urban water balance: 1. A model for daily totals. Water Resources Research 22(10) 1397-140 SUEWS.
2  Grimmond CSB & Oke TR (1991). An evapotranspiration-interception model for urban areas. Water Resources Research 27(7) 1739-1755 SUEWS
3 Grimmond CSB  Cleugh HA & Oke TR (1991). An objective urban heat storage model and its comparison with other schemes. Atmospheric Environment 25B 311-326 OHM – SUEWS –  LUMPS
4 Grimmond CSB & Oke TR (1999). Heat storage in urban areas: Local-scale observations and evaluation of a simple model. Journal of Applied Meteorology 38 922-940  OHM – SUEWS – LUMPS
5 Grimmond CSB. & Oke TR (2002). Turbulent heat fluxes in urban areas: Observations and a local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme (LUMPS). Journal of Applied Meteorology 41 792-810 LUMP
6 Loridan T – CSB Grimmond BD Offerle DT Young T Smith L Jarvi F Lindberg (2011). Local-Scale Urban Meteorological Parameterization Scheme (LUMPS): longwave radiation parameterization & seasonality related developments Journal of Applied Meteorology & Climatology.doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2474.1 (pdf) LUMPS
7 Offerle B  Grimmond CSB & Oke TR (2003). Parameterization of net all-wave radiation for urban areas.Journal of Applied Meteorology 42 1157-1173 NARP – SUEWS – LUMPS
8 Offerle B (2003) The energy balance of an urban area: Examining temporal and spatial variability through measurements – remote sensing and modeling. PhD thesis Indiana University LUMPS
9   Xu W Wooster MJ & Grimmond CSB (2008). Modelling of urban sensible heat flux at multiple spatial scales: A demonstration using hyperspectral imagery of Shanghai and a temperature-emissivity separation approach. Remote Sensing of Environment 112 3493-3510 LUMPS – NARP – OHM.
10 Järvi L – CSB Grimmond A Christen (2011) TheSurface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS): Evaluation in Vancouver  and Los Angeles. Journal of Hydrology doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.10.001 pdf SUEWS
11  Järvi L Grimmond CSB Taka M Nordbo A Setälä H  & Strachan IB (2014)Development of the Surface Urban Energy and Water balance Scheme (SUEWS) for cold climate cities. Geoscientific Model Development 7 1691-1711. doi: 10.5194/gmd-7-1691-2014 SUEWS
12  Allen L – F Lindberg CSB Grimmond (2011) Global to city scale model for anthropogenic heat flux International Journal of Climatology 31 1990-2005 LUCY
13  Lindberg F Grimmond CSB Nithiandamdan Y Kotthaus S Allen L (2013) Impact of city changes and weather on anthropogenic heat flux in Europe 1995–2015 Urban Climate LUCY
14  Iamarino M Sean Beevers CSB Grimmond (2011) High Resolution (Space – Time) Anthropogenic Heat Emissions: London 1970 – 2025. International Journal of Clmatology GreaterQF
15 Lindberg F & CSB Grimmond 2010:  Continuous sky view factor from high resolution urban digital elevation models Climate Research  42: 177-183 doi:10.3354/cr00882 SVF
16 Grimmond CSB – SK Potter – HN Zutter & C Souch 2001: Rapid methods to estimate sky view factors applied to urban areas. International Journal of Climatology 21 903-913 SVF
17 Loridan T & CSB Grimmond (2012) Characterization of energy flux partitioning in urban environments: links with surface seasonal properties Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51 219-241 doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-038.1   pdf   colour figures FRAISE

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