Useful Links

London Urban Climate


  • Howard L (1818, 1833) The Climate of London
  • Howard L. 2007. The Climate of London. IAUC edition available at in two volumes.
  • Mills G (2008) Luke Howard and the Climate of London Weather 63, 153-157. pdf


  • Chandler TJ. 1965. The climate of London. Hutchinson & Co., Ltd: London.


  • Lee DO. 1991. Urban-rural humidity differences in London. International Journal of Climatology 11: 577–582.


  • Watkins R, J Palmer, M Kolokotroni,P Littlefair (2002) The balance of the annual heating and cooling demand within the London urban heat island. Building Serv. Eng. Res. Technol. 23,207–213
  • Jones, P. D. and Lister, D. H. (2009), The urban heat island in Central London and urban-related warming trends in Central London since 1900. Weather, 64: 323–327. doi: 10.1002/wea.432

Papers: Urban Climatology/Understanding & Managing the Urban Atmosphere


  • Best M. J. (2006) Progress towards better weather forecasts for city dwellers: from short range to climate change.Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84, 47-55 pdf
  • Masson V. (2006)  Urban surface modeling and the meso-scale impact of cities Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84, 35-45, DOI: 10.1007/s00704-005-0142-3 pdf
  • Kanda M (2006) Progress in the scale modeling of urban climate: Review, Theoretical and Applied Climatology 84,23-33 PDF
  • Martilli, A. (2007), Current research and future challenges in urban mesoscale modelling. International Journal of Climatology, 27: 1909–1918. doi: 10.1002/joc.1620 pdf
  • Ooka, R. (2007), Recent development of assessment tools for urban climate and heat-island investigation especially based on experiences in Japan. International Journal of Climatology, 27: 1919–1930. doi: 10.1002/joc.1630 pdf


  • Grimmond C. S. B. Progress in measuring and observing the urban atmosphereTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 84,3-22 PDF

Sustainable Cities

  • Mills G(2006) Progress toward sustainable settlements: a role for urban climatology,Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84,69-76  PDF

Urban Heat Island

  • Mills G (2008) Luke Howard and the Climate of London Weather 63, 153-157. pdf
  • Fortuniak K. , K. Kłysik and J. WibigUrban–rural contrasts of meteorological parameters in ŁódźTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 84,91-101 PDF

Urban Energy Balance

  • Offerle B., C. S. B. Grimmond, K. Fortuniak, K. Kłysik and T. R. Oke (2006) Temporal variations in heat fluxes over a central European city centre, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84,103-115PDF
  • Vogt R, A. Christen, M. W. Rotach, M. Roth and A. N. V. Satyanarayana  (2006) Temporal dynamics of CO2fluxes and profiles over a Central European cityTheoretical and Applied Climatology, 84, 117-126  PDF


  • Oke T.R.  (2006) Towards better scientific communication in urban climate Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84,179-190 PDF




R Books –  R Manuals can also be downloaded from CRAN  “Manuals”. A number of books on R are shown on IoP statistics book list.

Main Website

Other Useful websites

How to Concatenate Files for Excel

Author: Bruce Malamiud

GIVEN: Large number of data files, with data in columns, and possibly a header row.
WANTED: To concatenate the data files into one excel file with all the information, in columns, and the different files one below another.

(a) Put all the *.txt files in one folder.
(b) In ASAP utilities [free add-in available at:] click on “import”, “merge files together in a new file”, and then follow the various options for:

(i) Type of data [e.g. text file space separated],
(ii) Treat Consecutive Delimeters as One [on, if want multiple spaces or tabs to be treated as ‘one’]
(iii) Merge into ONE sheet [if you want everything to end up in one sheet, separated by columns, one dataset below the other].

(c) Pick files and merge.
(d) In the resultant sheet you may need to do some sorting, getting rid of garbage rows (you can use the sorting to help you with this), and/or some ‘filtering if there are particular attributes you want to pull out.
(e) Don’t forget if you use a filter, that you must use ‘copy’, and then paste special ‘values’, to get ‘just’ the information you are interested in.

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