Papers (2000-)

(pre-2000) Please contact Sue Grimmond if you would like a copy[links below are to the journal] (pdf) (London) (Swindon)(Modelling)
  1. Tan J, L Yang, CSB Grimmond, J Shi, W Gu, Y Chang, P Hu, J Sun, X Ao, Z Han Urban Integrated Meteorological Observations:  Practice and Experience in Shanghai, China Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS) doi:
  2. Kotthaus S, TEL Smith, MJ Wooster, CSB Grimmond (2014)  Derivation of an urban materials spectral library through emittance and reflectance spectroscopy ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 94, 194-212.DOI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2014.05.005
  3. Young DT, L Chapman, CL Muller, CSB Grimmond and X-M Cai A low-cost wireless temperature sensor: evaluation for use in environmental applications J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31, 938–944.
  4. Ward HC, JG Evans, CSB Grimmond 2014: Multi-scale sensible heat fluxes in the urban environment from large aperture scintillometry and eddy covariance. Boundary Layer Meteorology ,152,,65-89 DOI 10.1007/s10546-014-9916-4
  5. Best M, CSB Grimmond Importance of initial state and atmospheric conditions for urban land surface models‘ performance. Urban Climate
  6. Kotthaus S & CSB Grimmond Energy exchange in a dense urban environment – Part I: temporal variability of long-term observations in central London Urban Climate
  7. Kotthaus S & CSB Grimmond Energy exchange in a dense urban environment – Part II: impact of spatial heterogeneity of the surface Urban Climate 10.1016/j.uclim.2013.10.001
  1. Choi Y-J, S-L Kang, J Hong, S Grimmond, K Davis 2013 A next-generation weather information system engine (WISE) customized for urban area and surrounding rural areas Bull. American Meteorological Society 94, ES114–ES117. doi:
  2. Ward HC, JG Evans, OK Hartogensis, AF Moene, HAR De Bruin, CSB Grimmond A critical revision of the estimation of the latent heat flux from two-wavelength scintillometry, QJRMS 139: 1912–1922 DOI:10.1002/qj.2076  erratum: DOI: 10.1002/qj.2309
  3. Grimmond CSB, A Baklanov, M Best, R Betts, J Feddema, P Falloon, G Folberth, R Frances, T Holt, T Jackson, E Larson, M Lawrence, M McCarthy, T Meir, N Mirumachi, K Oleson, J Pullen  (2013) Coastal Megacities: Contributions to environmental changes at regional and global scales, Megacities and the Coast: Risk, Resilience and Transformation ed(Pelling M & Blackburn S) ISBN: 9780415815123, Earthscan from Routledge
  4. Ward HC, JG Evans, CSB Grimmond 2013Multi-season eddy covariance observations of energy, water and carbon fluxes over a suburban area in Swindon, UK Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13, 4645-4666 (Discuss., 12, 29147-29201, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-29147-2012). pdf  doi:10.5194/acp-13-4645-2013
  5. Muller CL, L Chapman, CSB Grimmond, DT Young, X Cai Towards a standardised metadata protocol for urban meteorological networks Bull. American Meteorological Society doi:
  6. Loridan T, F Lindberg, O Jorba, S Kotthaus, S Grossman-Clarke, CSB Grimmond (2013) High resolution simulation of surface heat flux variability across central London with Urban Zones for Energy partitioning. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 147, 493-523. DOI: 10.1007/s10546-013-9797-y
  7. Muller C, L Chapman, CSB Grimmond, DT Young, X Cai Sensors & The City: A Review of Urban Meteorological Networks International J. of Climatology 33: 1585–1600 DOI: 10.1002/joc.3678 pdf
  8. Chrysoulakis N, M Lopes, R San José, CSB Grimmond, MB Jones, V Magliulo, JEM Klostermann, A Synnefa, Z Mitraka, EA Castro, A González, R Vogt, T Vesala, D Spano, G Pigeon, P Freer-Smith, T Staszewski, N Hodges, G Mills,  C Cartalis Sustainable urban metabolism as a link between bio-physical sciences and urban planning:The BRIDGE project. Landscape and Urban Planning 112, 100– 117,
  9. Lindberg F, CSB Grimmond, N Yogeswaran, S Kotthaus, L Allen Impact of city changes and weather on anthropogenic heat flux in Europe 1995-2015 Urban Climate, 4, 1–15
  10. Best M and CSB Grimmond Analysis of the seasonal cycle within the first international urban land surface model comparison. Boundary Layer Meteorology DOI 10.1007/s10546-012-9769-7
  11. Wood CR, L Pauscher, HC Ward, S Kotthaus, JF Barlow, M Gouvea, SE Lane, CSB Grimmond (2013) Wind observations above an urban river using a new lidar technique, scintillometry and anemometry Science of the Total Environment, 442, 527-533
  1. Chen F, R Bornstein, S Grimmond, J Li, X Liang; A Martilli,S Miao, J Voogt, Y Wang 2012: Research priorities in observing and modeling urban weather and climate Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,93, 1725-1728 DOI :10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00217.1
  2. Iamarino M, Beevers S, CSB Grimmond High Resolution (Space, Time) Anthropogenic Heat Emissions: London 1970-2025 International Journal of Climatology 32, 1754-1767 DOI: 10.1002/joc.2390 pdf
  3. Loridan T & CSB Grimmond Multi-site evaluation of an urban land-surface model: intra-urban heterogeneity, seasonality and parameter complexity requirements. QJRMS 138: 1094–1113, doi: 10.1002/qj.963 abstract/pdf
  4. Kotthaus S and CSB Grimmond (2012) Identification of Micro-scale Anthropogenic CO2, Heat and Moisture Sources – Processing Eddy Covariance Fluxes for a Dense Urban Environment Atmospheric Environment 57, 301-316. 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.04.024
  5. Cleugh HA & CSB Grimmond (2012) Urban Climates and Global Climate Change. in Henderson – Sellers A & Mc Guffie K (ed). The Future of the World’s Climate. Elsevier Chapter 3, 47-76 + references ,DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-386917-3.00003-8 ISBN: 9780123869173  pdf
  6. Loridan T & CSB Grimmond (2012) Characterization of energy flux partitioning in urban environments: links with surface seasonal properties Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51, 219-241 doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-11-038.1   pdf    colour figures
  1. Järvi L, CSB Grimmond, A Christen (2011) The Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS): Evaluation in Vancouver  and Los Angeles. Journal of Hydrology, 411, 219-237 doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.10.001 pdf
  2. Best MJ, M Pryor, DB Clark, GG Rooney, RLH Essery, CB Ménard, JM Edwards,MA Hendry, A Porson, N Gedney, LM Mercado, S Sitch, E Blyth, O Boucher, PM Cox, CSB Grimmond, RJ Harding (2011) The Joint UK Land Environment Simulator (JULES), Model description – Part 1: Energy and water fluxes Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 677-699
  3. Malamud BD, DL Turcotte, CSB Grimmond 2011 Temperature trends at the Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii Climate of the Past 7, 975–983, 
  4. Ward HC, JG Evans, CSB Grimmond Effects of Non-Uniform Crosswind Fields on Scintillometry Measurements Boundary-Layer Meteorology DOI: 10.1007/s10546-011-9626-0 pdf
  5. Lindberg F & CSB Grimmond  (2011) Nature of vegetation and building morphology characteristics across a city: influence on shadow patterns and mean radiant temperatures in London Urban Ecosystems  14:617–634 doi:/10.1007/s11252-011-0184-5 pdf
  6. Oliphant AJ, D Dragoni, B Deng, CSB Grimmond, HP Schmid STL Scott The role of sky conditions on diffuse light & gross primary production in a mixed deciduous forest Agricultural & Forest Meteorology doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.01.005
  7. Helfter C, D. Famulari, G. J. Phillips, J. F. Barlow, C. R. Wood, C. S. B. Grimmond, and E. Nemitz 2011  Controls of carbon dioxide concentrations and fluxes above central London Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1913-1928  paper , corrigendum
  8. Lindberg F and CSB Grimmond (2011) The influence of vegetation and building morphology on shadow patterns and mean radiant temperatures in urban areas: model development and evaluation  Theor. Appl.Climatol. 105:311–323 DOI10.1007/s00704-010-0382-8
  9. Dragoni D, C Wayson, H Potter, HP Schmid, CSB Grimmond, JC Randolph Evidence of increased net ecosystem productivity associated with a longer vegetated season in a deciduous forest in south-central Indiana, USA, Global Change Biology17,886–897 doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02281.x pdf
  10. Crawford B,  CSB Grimmond and A Christen (2011)Five years of carbon dioxide fluxes measurements in a highly vegetated suburban area Atmospheric Environment, 45, 896-905 DOI10.1007/s00704-010-0382-8 ** note Table 4 gC per capita should be kg  C per capita (column 5)
  11. Chen F, H Kusaka, R Bornstein, J Ching, CSB GRIMMOND, S Grossman-Clarke, T Loridan, KW Manning, A Martilli, S Miao, D Sailor, FP Salamanca, H Taha, M Tewari, X Wang, AA Wyszogrodzki, C Zhang (2010) The integrated WRF/urban modeling system: development, evaluation, & applications to urban environmental problems, International Journal of Climatology31:273–28  DOI: 10.1002/joc.2158 pdf
  12. Loridan T,CSB Grimmond, BD Offerle, DT Young, T Smith, L Jarvi, F Lindberg (2011) Local-Scale Urban Meteorological Parameterization Scheme (LUMPS): longwave radiation parameterization & seasonality related developments Journal of Applied Meteorology & Climatology, 50, 185-202, doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2474.1 (pdf) (software available)
  13. Grimmond CSB, M Blackett, MJ Best, J-J Baik, SE Belcher, J Beringer, SI Bohnenstengel, I Calmet, F Chen, A Coutts, A Dandou, K Fortuniak, ML Gouvea, R Hamdi, M Hendry, M Kanda, T Kawai, Y Kawamoto, H Kondo, ES Krayenhoff, S-H Lee, T Loridan, A Martilli, V Masson S Miao, K Oleson, R Ooka, G Pigeon, A Porson, Y-H Ryu, F Salamanca, G-J Steeneveld, M Tombrou, JA Voogt, D Young, N Zhang (2011) Initial Results from Phase 2 of the International Urban Energy Balance Comparison Project, International Journal of Climatology 31:244–272 DOI: 10.1002/joc.2227 pdf
  1. Grimmond CSB, M Roth, TR Oke, YC Au, M Best, R Betts, G Carmichael, H Cleugh, W Dabberdt, R Emmanuel, E Freitas, K Fortuniak, S Hanna, P Klein, LS Kalkstein, CH Liu, A Nickson, D Pearlmutter, D Sailor, J Voogt (2010): Climate & More Sustainable Cities: Climate Information for Improved Planning & Management of Cities (Producers/Capabilities Perspective) Procedia Environmental Science, 1, 247-274 pdf
  2. Allen L, F Lindberg, CSB Grimmond Global to city scale model for anthropogenic heat flux, International Journal of Climatology DOI: 10.1002/joc.2210  pdf (software available)
  3. Lindberg F & CSB Grimmond, Continuous sky view factor from high resolution urban digital elevation models, Climate Research 42: 177-183 doi:10.3354/cr00882 pdf (software available)
  4. Grimmond CSB (2010) The Climate in Cities. Handbook of Urban Ecology. Eds I Douglas, D Goode, M Houck, W Rusong, Routledge, London, Chapter 10 (in press)
  5. Wood CR, Lacser A, Barlow JF, Padhra A, Belcher SE, Nemitz E, Helfter C, Famulari D & GRIMMOND CSB Turbulent flow at 190 metres above London during 2006-2008: a climatology & the applicability of similarity theory. Boundary Layer Meteorology137, 77-96. DOI10.1007/s10546-010-9516-x pdf (2)
  6. GRIMMOND CSB, M Blackett, M Best, J Barlow, JJ Baik, S Belcher, SI Bohnenstengel, I Calmet, F Chen, A Dandou, K Fortuniak, ML Gouvea, R Hamdi, M Hendry, T Kawai, Y Kawamoto, H Kondo, ES Krayenhoff, SH Lee, T Loridan, A Martilli, V Masson, S Miao, K Oleson, G Pigeon, A Porson, YH Ryu, F Salamanca, GJ Steeneveld, M Tombrou, J Voogt, D Young, N Zhang (2010) The International Urban Energy Balance Models Comparison Project: First results from Phase 1 Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 49, 1268-1292. doi: 10.1175/2010JAMC2354.1 pdf
  7. Loridan T, CSB GRIMMOND, S Grossman-Clarke, F Chen, M Tewari, K Manning, A Martilli, H Kusaka, M Best (2010) Trade-offs and responsiveness of the single-layer urban canopy parameterization in WRF: an offline evaluation using the MOSCEM optimization algorithm and field observations. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 136:997–1019 DOI:10.1002/qj.614 pdf
  8. Grossman-Clarke S, JA Zehnder, T Loridan, CSB GRIMMOND (2010) Contribution of land use changes to near surface air temperatures during recent summer extreme heat events in the Phoenix metropolitan area. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 49, 1629-1664 DOI:10.1002/qj.614 pdf


  1. Baklanov A, J Ching, CSB GRIMMOND, A Martilli 2009 Model urbanization strategies: Summaries, recommendations and requirements Urbanization of Meteorological and Air Quality Models, (eds) Baklanov A, S GRIMMOND, A Mahura M Athanassiadou Springer-Verlag, ISBN: 978-3-642-00297-7, 151-162
  2. GRIMMOND CSB, M Best, J Barlow and AJ Arnfield J-J Baik, S Belcher, M Bruse, I Calmet, F Chen, P Clark, A Dandou, E Erell, K Fortuniak, R Hamdi, M Kanda, T Kawai, H Kondo, S Krayenhoff, SH Lee, S-B Limor, A Martilli, V Masson, S Miao, G Mills, R Moriwaki, K Oleson, A Porson, U Sievers, M Tombrou, J Voogt, T Williamson. Urban surface energy balance models: model characteristics and methodology for a comparison study Urbanization of Meteorological and Air Quality Models, (eds) Baklanov A, CSB GRIMMOND, A Mahura, M Athanassiadou Springer-Verlag, ISBN: 978-3-642-00297-7, 97-123.


  1. Xu W, MJ Wooster, CSB GRIMMOND 2008: Modelling of urban sensible heat flux at multiple spatial scales: a demonstration using airborne hyperspectral imagery of Shanghai and a temperature-emissivity separation approach, Remote Sensing of the Environment, 112, 3493-3510. pdf
  2. Oleson KW, GB Bonan, J Feddema, M Vertenstein, CSB GRIMMOND 2008: An urban parameterization for a global climate model: 1. Formulation and evaluation. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 1038-1060. DOI: 10.1175/2007JAMC1597.1 pdf
  3. Su HB, HP Schmid, CSB GRIMMOND, CS Vogel, PS Curtis 2008: An assessment of observed vertical flux divergence in long-term eddy-covariance measurements over two Midwestern forest ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148, 186-205, doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.08. 009 pdf
  4. Pickett STA, ML Cadenasso, JM Grove, PM Groffman, LE Band, CG Boone, GS Brush, WR Burch, Jr., CSB GRIMMOND, J Hom, JC Jenkins, NL Law, CH Nilon, RV Pouyat K Szlavecz, PS Warren, M.A. Wilson. (2008) Beyond Urban Legends: New, Unexpected, or Complex Results from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study. BioSciences, 58,139-150, doi:10.1641/B580208
  5. Mitchell VG, HA Cleugh, CSB GRIMMOND, J Xu 2008 Linking urban water balance and energy balance models to analyse urban design options. Hydrological Processes 22,2891–2900 DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6868 pdf


  1. Newton T, TR Oke, CSB GRIMMOND, M Roth 2007: The suburban energy balance in Miami, Florida, Geografiska Annaler 89A, 331-347. pdf
  2. Dragoni D, HP Schmid, CSB GRIMMOND, H Loescher 2007: Uncertainty of annual net ecosystem productivity estimated using eddy-covariance flux measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D17102, doi:10.1029/2006JD008149
  3. GRIMMOND S 2007: Urbanization and global environmental change: Local effects of urban warming, The Geographical Journal, 173, 83-88.  pdf
  4. Pigeon G, A Lemonsu, CSB GRIMMOND, P Durand, V Masson 2007: Adjustment of energy balance measurements from a tower to the top of the urban canopy layer for a coastal city. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 124: 269-290. DOI 10.1007/s10546-007-9160-2
  5. Offerle B, I Eliasson, CSB GRIMMOND and B Holmer 2007: The influence of surface heating on air temperature, wind and turbulence in an urban street canyon. Boundary Layer Meteorology 122:273–292 DOI 10.1007/s10546-006-9099-8


  1. Roberts S, TR Oke, CSB GRIMMOND J Voogt 2006: Tests of four methods to estimate urban heat storage in central Marseille. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45, 1766-1781 pdf
  2. Wayson CA, JC Randolph, P Hanson CSB GRIMMOND, HP Schmid 2006: Comparison of soil respiration methods in a mid-latitude deciduous forest, Biogeochemistry, 80,173-189. pdf
  3. Offerle B, I Eliasson, CSB GRIMMOND and B Holmer. 2006: The influence of surface heating on air temperature, wind and turbulence in an urban street canyon. Boundary Layer Meteorology DOI 10.1007/s10546-006-9099-8 pdf
  4. Best M, CSB GRIMMOND and MG Villani 2006: Evaluation of the urban tile in MOSES with flux data. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 118, 503-525, DOI 10.1007/s10546-005-9025-5 pdf
  5. Jonsson P, I Eliasson, B Holmer and CSB GRIMMOND. 2006: Longwave incoming radiation in the Tropics: results from field work in three African cities Theoretical and Applied Climatology 85 : 185-201 doi10.1007/s00704-005-0178-4 pdf
  6. Oliphant AJ, CSB GRIMMOND, HP Schmid and CA Wayson. 2006: Local-scale spatial variability of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), absorbed PAR and net radiation as a function of topography, sky conditions and leaf area index. Remote Sensing of the Environment, 103, 324-337 pdf
  7. Souch C, CSB GRIMMOND Applied Climatology: Urban Climatology. Progress in Physical Geography. 30, 270-279. pdf
  8. Dabberdt WF, MA Carroll, W Appleby, D Baumgardner, G Carmichael, P Davidson, JC Doran, TG Dye, S GRIMMOND, P Middleton, W Neff and Y Zhang. Report of the USWRP workshop on air quality forecasting. Bulletin American Meteorological Society, 87, 2, 215-221 pdf
  9. GRIMMOND CSB. 2006. Progress in measuring and observing the urban atmosphere. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 84, 3-22 DOI: 10.1007/s00704-005-0140-5 pdf
  10. Offerle B, CSB GRIMMOND, K Fortuniak, K KBysik and TR Oke. 2006. Temporal variations in heat fluxes over a central European city centre. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. 84,103-116. DOI 10.1007/s00704-005-0148-x pdf
  11. Offerle B, CSB GRIMMOND, K Fortuniak and W. Pawlak. 2006 Intra-urban differences of surface energy fluxes in a central European city. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 45, 125–136. pdf
  12. Lagouarde JP, M Irvine, JM Bonnefond, CSB GRIMMOND, N Long, T Oke, J Salmond and B Offerle 2006 Monitoring the sensible heat flux over urban areas using large aperture scintillometry: case study of Marseille city during the ESCOMPTE experiment. Boundary Layer Meteorology. DOI: 10.1007/s10546-005-9001-0 pdf
  13. Eliasson I, B Offerle, CSB GRIMMOND and S Lindqvist. 2006 Wind fields and turbulence statistics in an urban street canyon. Atmosphere Environment. 40, 1-16. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.03.031 pdf


  1. Froelich N.J, H.P. Schmid, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, H-B Su, and A.J. Oliphant 2005. Flow divergence and density flows above and below a deciduous forest. Part I: Non-zero mean vertical wind above canopy. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 133: 140-152. pdf
  2. Offerle B., P. Jonsson, I. Eliasson and C.S.B. GRIMMOND 2005. Urban modification of the surface energy balance in the west African Sahel: Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Journal of Climate, 18: 3983-3995. pdf
  3. Band L.E, M. Cadenasso, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, M. Grove and S.T. Pickett 2005. Heterogeneity in Urban Ecosystems: Patterns and Process, In Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes eds) Lovett GM, CG Jones, MG Turner, Springer-Verlag, NY.
  4. GRIMMOND C.S.B. 2005. Progress in measuring and observing the urban atmosphere. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 8: 3-22. DOI: 10.1007/s00704-005-0140-5 pdf
  5. Salmond J.A, T.R. Oke, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, S. Roberts and B. Offerle 2005). Venting of heat and carbon dioxide from urban canyons at night. Journal of Applied Meteorology. 44: 1180–1194. pdf
  6. Offerle B, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, and K. Fortuniak 2005. Heat storage and anthropogenic heat flux in relation to the energy balance of a central European city center. International Journal of Climatology. 25: 1405–1419 DOI: 10.1002/joc.1198  pdf
  7. Mestayer P, P. Durand, P. Augustin, S. Bastin, J.M. Bonnefond, B. Bénech, B. Campistron, A. Coppalle, H. Delbarre, B. Dousset, P. Drobinsk, A. Druilhet, E. Fréjafon, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, D. Groleau, M. Irvine, C. Kergomard, S. Kermadi, J.P. Lagouarde, A. Lemonsu, F. Lohou, N. Long, V. Masson, C. Moppert, J. Noilhan, B. Offerle, T.R. Oke, G. Pigeon, V. Puygrenier, S. Roberts, J.M. Rosant, F. Saïd, J. Salmond, M. Talbaut and J .Voogt 2005. The urban boundary layer field experiment over Marseille UBL/CLU-ESCOMPTE: Experimental Set-up and First Results. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 114 (2): 315-365, doi:10.1007/s10546-004-9241-4  pdf
  8. Pawlak W, K. Fortuniak, K. K∏ysik, J. Wibig, M. Siedlecki, B.D. Offerle, C.S.B. GRIMMOND 2005. Pomiary skadników bilansu energetycznego w Lodzi w latach 2000-2004 (Energy balance components measurements in Lodz in the period 2000-2004). Acta Geographica Lodziensia 89: 179-194.


  1. GRIMMOND C.S.B, J.A. Salmond, T.R. Oke, B. Offerle and A. Lemonsu 2004. Flux and turbulence measurements at a dense urban site in Marseille: Heat, Mass (water, carbon dioxide) and Momentum. JGR Atmospheres, 109, D24, D24101, 19pp doi:10.1029/2004JD004936 pdf
  2. Souch C and C.S.B. GRIMMOND 2004. Applied Climatology: Heat Waves. Progress in Physical Geography, 28: 599-606. DOI: 10.1191/0309133304PP428 pdf
  3. Oliphant A.J, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, H.N. Zutter, H.P. Schmid, H.B. Su, S.L. Scott, B. Offerle, JC Randolph and J. Ehman 2004. Heat storage and energy balance fluxes for a temperate deciduous forest Agriculture and Forest Meteorology, 126: 185-201.
  4. Dabberdt W.F., M.A. Carroll, D. Baumgardner, G. Carmichael., R. Cohen., T. Dye, J. Ellis, G. Grell, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, S. Hanna, J. Irwin, B. Lamb, S. Madronich, J. McQueen, J. Meagher, T. Odman, J. Pleim, H.P. Schmid and D. Westphal 2004. Meteorological Research Needs for Improved Air Quality Forecasting: Report of the 11th Prospectus Development Team of the U.S. Weather Research Program. Bulletin of American Meteorological Society, 85: 563-586. pdf
  5. GRIMMOND C.S.B. 2004. Understanding urban climates. In DG Janelle, B Warf, K Hansen editors. WorldMinds: Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 481-486.
  6. Lemonsu A, C.S.B. GRIMMOND and V. Masson 2004. Modelling the Surface Energy Balance of an old Mediterranean city core, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 43: 312-327. pdf
  7. Su H.B., H.P. Schmid, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, C.S. Vogel and A.J. Oliphant 2004. pectral characteristics and correction of long-term eddy covariance measurements over two mixed hardwood forests in non-flat terrain. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 110: 213-253. pdf
  8. Grimmond, C. S. B., H-B. Su, B. Offerle, B. Crawford, S. Scott, S. Zhong, and C. Clements, (2004b): Variability of sensible heat fluxes in a suburban area of Oklahoma City. American Meteorological Society Symp. on Planning, Nowcasting and Forecasting in the Urban Zone, Eighth Symp. on Integrated Observing and Assimilation Systems for Atmosphere, Oceans, and Land Surface. (preprint)


  1. Offerle B.D., C.S.B. GRIMMOND and T.R. Oke (2003) Parameterization of net all-wave radiation for urban areas. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 42: 1157-1173. pdf


  1. Piringer M, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, S.M. Joffre, P. Mestayer, D.R. Middleton, M.W. Rotach, A. Baklanov, K. De Ridder, J. Ferreira, E. Guilloteau, A. Karppinen, A. Martilli, V. Masson and M. Tombrou 2002. Investigating the surface energy balance in urban areas – recent advances and future needs. Water, Air and Soil Pollution: Focus, 2 (5-6): 1-16. pdf
  2. Masson V, C.S.B. GRIMMOND and T.R. Oke 2002. Evaluation of the Town Energy Balance (TEB) scheme with direct measurements from dry districts in two cities. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 41: 1011-26. pdf
  3. Ehman J.L., H.P. Schmid, C.S.B. GRIMMOND, J.C. Randolph, P.J. Hanson, C.A. Wayson and F.D. Cropley 2002. An initial intercomparison of micrometeorological and ecological inventory estimates of carbon sequestration in a mid-latitude deciduous forest. Global Change Biology, 8, 575-589. pdf
  4. GRIMMOND C.S.B. and T.R. Oke 2002. Turbulent heat fluxes in urban areas: Observations and local-scale urban meteorological parameterization scheme (LUMPS). Journal of Applied Meteorology, 41: 792-810.  pdf
  5. GRIMMOND C.S.B., T.S. King, F.D. Cropley, D. Nowak and C. Souch 2002. Local-scale fluxes of carbon dioxide in urban environments: methodological challenges and results from Chicago. Environmental Pollution, 116: S243-S254. pdf
  6. GRIMMOND C.S.B. and T.R. Oke 2002. Heat fluxes and stability in cities. European COST (Co-operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research) 715 ‘Surface Energy Balance in Urban Areas’. Proc COST-715 Expert Meeting, Antwerp, Belgium, 12 April 2000. European Commission, Report EUR 19447, 16-30.
  7. Oke T.R. and C.S.B. GRIMMOND 2002. Urban-rural energy balance differences. European COST 715 (Co-operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research): ‘Surface Energy Balance in Urban Areas’. Proc COST-715 Expert Meeting, Antwerp, Belgium, 12 April 2000. European Commission, Report EUR 19447, 52-65.


  1. GRIMMOND C.S.B., S.K. Potter, H.N. Zutter and C. Souch 2001. Rapid methods to estimate sky view factors applied to urban areas. International Journal of Climatology, 21: 903-913. pdf   [local]
  2. Cleugh H.A. and C.S.B. GRIMMOND 2001. Modeling regional scale surface energy exchanges and CBL growth in a heterogeneous, urban-rural landscape. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 98: 1-31. pdf
  3. GRIMMOND C.S.B. and C. Souch 2001. Evapotranspiration in urban areas. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2002, 167-169


  1. Voogt J.A. and C.S.B. GRIMMOND 2000. Modeling surface sensible heat flux using surface radiative temperatures in a simple urban area. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39: 1679-1699.
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